Pano Zero Clients are optimized for virtual desktop deployment across standard local area networks and do not require any special network configurations or equipment - only switched 100 Mbps (Megabits per second) or better Ethernet is needed.  Your existing LAN should work just fine for deploying Panos, including supported wireless Ethernet bridges.

Pano Direct Protocol

Pano Zero Clients use the Pano Direct Protocol (PDP), specifically designed to connect virtual desktops to zero clients.  PDP is used for all communications between Pano Zero Clients, Pano Controller and the Pano Direct Service installed in your desktop virtual machines.

Unlike remote display protocols, such as ICA or RDP, repurposed for VDI and used by thin clients originally designed for terminal services or other prior generation architectures, Pano Direct Protocol doesn't require any costly or complex protocol extensions to support virtual desktops.

Pano Zero Clients, Pano Direct Service, and Pano Controller use just a few standard UDP ports for the Pano Direct Protocol, along with TCP ports needed to communicate with network services, like DHCP and Active Directory, and those used by virtualization platform components like VMware vCenter Server or Microsoft SCVMM.

Pano Direct Protocol is also highly efficient on the servers running the desktop virtual machines unlike some other protocols repurposed for virtual desktops. Testing by Sarrel Group found that thin clients based on Teradici's PC-over-IP protocol, the Wyse P20, used 40% more server CPU resources than Pano zero clients. That excessive use of server processing by the PC-over-IP thin clients translates to 40% higher infrastructure costs and 40% fewer clients per server. Pano Direct Protocol also doesn't require a CPU on the endpoint which in turn eliminates costly client storage and memory, along with client operating systems that create both management burdens and potential security holes.

For more information on the performance benefits of PDP, please download the full User Experience Performance Testing Competitive Analysis by the Sarrel Group.  Sarrel Group can be reached at

Pano Remote's Protocol - Remote Desktop Protocol

Because it needs to work over networks that are bandwidth constrained and which may have much higher latencies, Pano Remote uses the Microsoft Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) rather than the Pano Desktop Protocol (PDP). While PDP offers a higher performance user experience with better support for rich mutlimedia and highly interactive applications over a LAN, RDP is better able to deal with the limitations of network links such WANs and the Internet, while still providing a suitable remote desktop user experience.  Pano Remote doesn't require the installation of any protocol extensions for RDP, or any other software, on the hosting Windows PC or laptop.